As a beginner, you will frequently encounter the question Difference Between DBMS and RDBMS. So, let us try to understand the fundamental distinction between these two perplexing terminologies.

What is DBMS?

The DBMS stands for Database Management System which is nothing but computer software.

Now, the database is a collection of related data from the real world. This data is getting manipulated and fetched systematically, which is often the functionalities of the database. Using the Database Management System, the data within the database is systematically secured, managed, and stored.

DBMS or database management act as a intermediate between the users and stored database.
Database Management System Accessing Database

The DBMS has ensured users in maintaining their files with important information. The use of advanced technology is ensuring that users can easily fill in the required information like backup, updates, security, retrievals, and many more.

The integrated database system was introduced in the year 1960 for storing data and using those data for certain needs.

Considering an example, the use of data that is getting extracted from the transaction is stored, and then it is used in future uses.

What are the Advantages of DBMS?

In the modern era, the use of DBMS is huge. So, there have to be some positives that is tempting users to use it more often. Here are some of the purposes of a Database Managed System, listed in the points given below:

  • The uniformity of the data is maintained within the database.
  • There can be lots of confusion when you are handling large sets of data but using the DBMS software becomes easy without any human error.
  • It is versatile enough to accommodate data for various uses.
  • Using such a technology, you can manage the data in a faster way.

Some of the versions of the DBMS are clipper, RDBMS, FoxPro, and many more.

What is RDBMS?

From the above examples, you might have understood that RDBMS is a DBMS. Now, understanding the difference Between DBMS and RDBMS will be interesting. Before that, you need to know what RDBMS is all about. 

Relational Database Management System
Relational Database Management System

Maintaining and managing data in a tabular format using the software is often termed the Relational Database Management System (RDBMS). The software operates in the relational schema which holds the tables and the data gets arranged into it in the formation of rows and columns.

The RDBMS is an updated version of traditional DBMS. The modern era has gone fast-paced, efficient, productive, and innovative which was suitable managed after the inclusion of RDBMS in the year 1970.

Database tables in RDBMS
Database tables in RDBMS

The refined ways of working with one or more databases have given rise to one of the most demanding database management systems which is the RDBMS. This has ensured the right support to the users in their needs and necessity. Apart from meeting the users’ needs, it has proficiently managed the exponentially growing data.

What are the Advantages of RDBMS?

After going through the features that are related to the Relational Database Management System, it becomes important to spot the advantages that specifically RDBMS adds to the database management system. These are listed as follows:

  • Multiple users can able to access it.
  • It can store large sets of data.
  • The data redundancy is minimum when it comes to RDBMS.
  • The data integration is spot on with this system of database management system.
  • The structuring and organizing of data are also done by better and updated tools.

Examples of RDBMS

SQL, MYSQL, and Oracle are the widely used relational database management system for enterprise applications.

Difference Between DBMS and RDBMS?

DBMS has largely benefited from the introduction of the RDBMS but establishing the difference between DBMS and RDBMS will help in understanding the right purpose, features, and functionality of these widely used systems related to databases. The differences are illustrated in the table form below:

    Parameters         DBMS        RDBMS
StorageThe storage in DBMS is done in files. The arrangement is either done in a navigational manner or a hierarchical manner.A tabular form is used to store the data. The storage is not in a hierarchical manner rather the columns are used as the headers and the rows contain the data.
Functionalities This system is used for storing, creating, retrieving, managing, and updating the data present within the database.This system can create and manage the database. Apart from doing so, it has also been used to store data in tables and the data can be effectively stored, used, and retrieved. 
Number of usersA single user can use it.Multiple users can use it.
NormalizationNormalization is unsupported in DBMS.Normalization is supported and therefore the data is well organized within the database.
Handling data quantityNot possible to store large sets of data.It can handle and store large sets of data effectively.
Data relationshipNo relationship is established between the stored data.The relationship is maintained among the tables that consist of data in it.
The efficiency of fetching dataSlow to fetch the data.The relational model has ensured faster and more efficient data fetching.
Distributed databasesStoring databases at a different location is not supported.Storing databases in a different location is supported.
Redundancy of dataDuplication of data is higher in DBMS.Duplication of data is eliminated and therefore it reduces the wastage of resources and time.
Use of hardware and softwareNeeds minimum uses of hardware and software.Uses of hardware and software are higher as compared to the traditional database management system.
Data integrityNo data integration constraints.Supports the integration constraints for maintaining the uniformity of the data.
Accessing of dataYou can access a single file from a single database.You can access multiple data in a single attempt. 
Data securityData is more prone to theft as there is no data security.Data is highly secure with security measures. 
Data consistency (ACID properties)It does not support ACID properties and therefore no consistency of data.Supports the ACID properties so the data is always consistent.
Data client-serverDoes not support the client-server.Supports data client-server with a specific architecture.


The knowledge of the difference between DBMS and RDBMS has helped several users to understand the right utilities. This has also ensured the way to store and effectively manage data. On and all, the inclusion of RDBMS in the DBMS has benefited the use of data within the databases.